Igor’ Gennad’evich Fedorov,
Minor Residents of the Orthodox monasteries of the Yeniseisk and Krasnoyarsk Dioceses in the Pre-Soviet Period (1861–1919)
The article deals with a little-studied issue from the history of the Yeniseisk and Krasnoyarsk diocese established in 1861 – minors (i.e. persons under the age of 21) living in local monasteries. On the basis of the statistical monastic documents stored in the fonds of the State Archive of the Krasnoyarsk Territory and related to 1861–1919, an analysis of the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the composition of children and adolescents who were in monasteries was carried out. It was revealed that the source of replenishment of underage residents of monasteries were various social categories, the most numerous of which were students and pupils of monastic schools, colleges and orphanages – as a rule, full orphans or those who lost one of their parents. The next was a group of young people who lived in monasteries as novices. There were few groups that included children of workers living in monasteries and those who were penalized for sexual crimes. In addition, at the beginning of the 20th century, a group of children who suffered during the First World War (refugees and orphans whose fathers died in the war) appeared in monasteries. In the 19th century, there was a prepondarance of male minors, while in the early 20th century, on the contrary, there were significantly more girls. As for the proportion of children and adolescents in the composition of all the inhabitants of the monasteries, it practically did not change, amounting to 26 % both in 1880 and in 1915.
The article has been received by the editor on 15.12.2020
How to cite: Fedorov I.G. Minor Residents of the Orthodox monasteries of the Yeniseisk and Krasnoyarsk Dioceses in the Pre-Soviet Period (1861–1919) // Historical Courier, 2021, No. 1 (15), pp. 74–82. [Available online:] http://istkurier.ru/data/2021/ISTKURIER-2021-1-07.pdf
Links: Issue 1 2021
Keywords: Russian Orthodox Church; the Yeniseisk and Krasnoyarsk Diocese; monasteries; residents; underages; orphans; aboriginal peoples; monastic school