Leonid Kazimirovich Ostrovsky,
Poles-Students and the Polish School in West Siberian Cities (1880s – 1920)
The article analyzes the main directions of the development of the Polish school in Western Siberia in the late 19th – early 20th centuries. The proportion of children from Polish families among students of Orthodox schools in the cities of Western Siberia and the peculiarities of the work of Polish schools in the region (schools in Catholic parishes and Roman Catholic schools that began to be established in 1893) are revealed. It is concluded that the share of Polish children in the gymnasiums of the provincial cities of the region exceeded the share of Poles in the population of Tomsk, Omsk and Tobolsk. At the end of the 19th century, among all Polish urban educational institutions, the highest proportion of students from Polish families was observed in the Tobol’sk men’s gymnasium. The influence of the First World War, the February Revolution of 1917, and the establishment of Soviet power on the development of Polish schools is revealed. Thus, the influx of refugees in wartime stimulated the creation of new educational institutions. After the February Revolution, all class, religious, and national restrictions were abolished, including the right to use the native language in private schools. This led to an increase in the number of Polish urban schools and colleges. With the establishment of Soviet power in Siberia, Polish schools continued their work, but the tasks that were set for them changed. The author describes the activities of Polish public organizations to support educational institutions for children from Catholic families.
The article has been received by the editor on 16.12.2020
How to cite: Ostrovsky L.K. Poles-Students and the Polish School in West Siberian Cities (1880s – 1920) // Historical Courier, 2021, No. 1 (15), pp. 31–36. [Available online:] http://istkurier.ru/data/2021/ISTKURIER-2021-1-03.pdf
Links: Issue 1 2021
Keywords: West Siberia; cities; Polish school; pupils